When it comes to cooking food, your oven is at the heart of the operation. An oven is designed to make it easier for you in the kitchen, whether you want to cook or simply heat food. But like any appliance, the furnace will fail at some point. In this blog, we’ll look at some of the reasons your oven isn’t heating properly and how you can adjust the oven temperature.

The reason why your Oven isn’t getting the right temperature

There are several possible reasons why your oven is not heating properly. To determine, all you need to do is have a basic temperature measurement that can withstand the oven temperature. Set the oven to 350 degrees. Give it about 10 minutes to warm up. Check that your oven has the same temperature as the temperature gauge. If not, then it needs adjustment.

Some Common causes

Let’s look at common possible reasons why this could be happening and how to fix it.

Defective Heating Elements

Cause: When the oven does not heat up, the problem is usually a faulty heating element. A faulty heating element, also known as a “baking element” or “baking coil”, is a common reason that your oven or electric hob is not heating properly. The electric oven has two resistances: one on the top and one on the bottom. You can control both heating elements by turning the oven on and setting it to “preheat” or “pre-bake”.

The baking element does not turn bright orange when fully heated. Another example is when only part of it lights up red. Coils show visible signs of use and cracks. It may be necessary to remove the element from the oven for a thorough inspection. If you replace a faulty part and the oven still does not heat up; the problem is electrical.

Fixing steps:  Switch of the oven. Remove the screws that secure the heating element to the rear of the oven. Remove the old resistor. Replace the old resistor with a new resistor in the electrical connector. Fit the newly replaced heating element to the rear of the oven. Turn on the switch. Switch on the oven and set the cooking mode. Feel the heat; if it’s too hot, your work is done.

Defective Oven Temperature Sensor

Cause: If your electric or gas oven is having trouble reaching or maintaining the correct temperature, there may be a problem with the temperature sensor. Most electric ovens are well-appointed with a temperature sensor that monitors the temperature inside the oven while the oven is in operation. If the sensor is broken or damaged, the oven will not heat up.

Fixing steps: Move it away from the wall and see if it affects the temperature reading. Often a simple moving can solve the problem. If your oven has a digital display, check the oven components and wiring before replacement of the sensor. If the sensor has defect, the oven may not heat properly. If your oven has a temperature sensor bulb, make sure it doesn’t burn out. If the bulb is broken, it should be replaced. If it is loose, tighten it securely.

Use a multi-meter to test the temperature sensor. Preferably, the resistance value should increase as the oven temperature increases. Otherwise, the sensor may not work, and it will need to be replaced.

Broken Temperature Control Thermostat or Selector Switch

Cause: If the oven is not producing heat, the thermostat or selector switch can be turned off. This section is mainly responsible for controlling the electricity supplied to the heating element, which heats the electric oven. The thermostat controls the oven temperature and is like a household thermostat. When it is off, the oven will not heat up.

Fixing steps: For a faulty selector, please refer to your owner’s manual to locate it. You can check whether the cable has a good cable connection. Ideally, it should have a value of zero or as close to zero as possible. If you haven’t printed the owner’s manual, look up your oven’s manufacturer and model, they should provide it online.

Once the selector has identified, change its position by pulling the knob and then releasing the selector at the bottom. To find the correct replacement selector switch, write down the model number of your oven and search online. There you may find new replacements for the thermostat and selector switch.

Another test method is to use an oven thermometer. Simply place the thermometer in the oven and check that the set temperature matches the reading on the thermometer. The temperature reading should also increase as the temperature inside the oven rises. If both tests are true, the oven thermostat is working as expected.